Lakshadweep - Meaning "a hundred thousand islands".
Islands look like emeralds in the vast expanse of blue sea. Varying
hues of turquoise blue translucent water surround them. Coral atolls,
the matchless marine environment with myriad colours
results in a complex interaction of animate and inanimate things.
Built on ancient volcanic formations is the Lakshadweep.
It consists of 12 atolls, 3 reefs and 5 submerged banks. The atolls
poised on submarine banks harbour 35 islands having an area of 32
sq. Km. Of these, 10 islands are inhabited, namely Agatti,
Amini, Andrott, Bitra,
Chetlat, Kadmat, Kalpeni,
Kavaratti, Kiltan and Minicoy
Each Island fringed by snow-white coral sands, is marked by a huge
shallow calm lagoon on one side which separates
it from incoming swells of the outer sea by the fort wall-reef made
of massive coral boulders and live corals.
The only coral islands of our country, is the result of gradual
assimilation of calcium from the water by corals and their turning
How to Reach
Accessible by ship or Helicopter. Well connected from Cochin.
tourism is of recent origin to Lakshadweep. These islands are restricted
areas but those who avail the package tours are
exempted from entry restriction.
FAUNA AND FLORA
What meets the eye at first is the lush green colour that gracious
tall palm trees paint. Undoubtedly, coconut is the only commercial
crop. Deep green shrubs known locally as Kanni,
Cholam, Chovak, Punna
and Cheerani characteristically border the base
of coconut palms. Ipomea is a conspicuous ground runner. Shrubs
and runners play a strong role in preventing erosion. The state
tree is breadfruit tree.
Common sea birds are Tharathasi, (Sterna fuscate)
and Karifetu (Anous solidus) the former being the
state bird. Most of them nest on an island called Pitti-a
Apart from common forms of life, exotic, kaleidoscopic life under
water is abundant and marvelous. As a result of rich life, there
always exist competition for food, shelter and mates. Strikingly
the colourful fishes draw ones attention by their
interesting behavior, peculiar forms and captivating movements.
Gracefully swimming from one place to another are the butterfly
fishes resembling butterflies in the underwater
grounds. Grazers of the green pastures are Surgeonfish.
Of great many varieties of surgeons, the one commonly seen is the
Powder blue surgeonfish.
They are called so because of a razor like spine they carry near
the tail. Because of strong beaks, the Parrotfishes attained their
name. Cute Damselfishes live among branching corals showing territorial
behaviour. Earthly pincushions aliens are Porcupine fishes that
inflate themselves into a ball, erecting the spines when disturbed.
A similar cousin to them is the Pufferfish. Snake like resident
of dark crevices are Moray Eels which hunt by smell at night and
their enemy is the Octopus as it seeks the same dark resting-places.
Sedentary and slow moving creatures are Sea cucumbers, shelled
animals and Hermit Crabs. A variety of crabs, lobsters
and shrimps inhabit the crevices of corals.
Lots of food fishes inhabit the coral atolls. The Mas-Choorai and
Choorai, as people of Lakshadweep call Tuna, is
their chicken of the sea and is mainly caught using poles and lines,
with live bait to charm them. Keen observers occasionally see playful
Dolphins, Turtles, Rays
and flying fishes.
Lakshadweep Tour Package: Available on request.